The Continuing Deterioration of Uganda Under Museveni: The Case of HIV & AIDS

In the 1990s Uganda was typically considered to be one of the success stories in the management of the AIDS epidemic in SSA. However, as is shown below, since the early 2000s Uganda has significantly lagged its regional peers (Kenya and Tanzania) in the fight against HIV/AIDS. New infections are declining in Kenya and Tanzania but increasing in Uganda. HIV prevalence also appears to be increasing in Uganda, while either declining or keeping steady in Tanzania and Kenya. Lastly, of the three countries, the rate of decline in AIDS-related deaths has been slowest in Uganda.

It’s not clear to me why the HIV/AIDS situation has deteriorated in Uganda since the late 1990s relative to its neighbors. After all, the three countries have been receiving cash from PEPFAR since 2004 (which explains the decline in AIDS related mortality in the mid-2000s after the use of ARTs became widespread).

My hunch is that this is a reflection of Yoweri Museveni’s gradual loss of control of the state institutions that he has worked hard to build since 1986. It is also probably related to the manner in which Museveni chose to deal with the advent of competitive politics in Uganda after the end of the no-party “movement” era. His strategy has come to be defined by a willingness to basically buy off anyone and everyone — at the expense of state institutions and specific government agencies.

Consider this:

The OIG auditors identified stock-outs of key medicines, particularly those to treat HIV, in 70% of 50 health facilities visited which could result in treatment disruption for patients. Furthermore, 54% of the health facilities visited had accumulated expired medicines. 68% of facilities reported stock-outs of anti-malaria medicines and test kits and 64% of the facilities reported stock-outs of tuberculosis medicines of between one week and three months.

The OIG concluded that the supply chain system does not effectively distribute and account for medicines financed by the Global Fund. There were reported cases of theft, including 40 cartons of artemisinin-based combination therapies; an unexplained difference of US$21.4 million between recorded and actual stocks at the central warehouse; and a difference of US$1.9 million between commodities received and actually dispensed to patients from January 2014 to June 2015 in eight high-volume facilities visited by the auditors.

Screen Shot 2016-03-05 at 9.20.11 AMUganda’s post civil war economic recovery may have been impressive (see graph), but it should no longer be something for Museveni to hang his hat on. It is clear that the longer Museveni stays in office, the more he is going to undo his very own achievements in the earlier years of his three-decade rule.

 

 

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5 thoughts on “The Continuing Deterioration of Uganda Under Museveni: The Case of HIV & AIDS

  1. Would love for you to interrogate this subject further, and lend it a bit more of your intellectual rigor.

    You don’t have to give an educated guess about the mismanagement of Uganda’s health sector, there’s plenty of evidence and a long trail of corruption scandals tied to health, which is apparently, one of the easiest areas to pilfer $’s from.

    High (early) sexual activity + young population + official & unofficial polygamy + born again fever + sugar daddy (older men) / sex for survival + no condoms + poorly educated / poor school systems + public morality, showcase Christianity & private debauchery = Uganda today

    Also, the early figures of Uganda’s AIDS success were manufactured…

    Like

  2. Would love for you to interrogate this subject further, and lend it a bit more of your intellectual rigor.

    You don’t have to give an educated guess about the mismanagement of Uganda’s health sector, there’s plenty of evidence and a long trail of corruption scandals tied to health, which is apparently, one of the easiest areas to pilfer $’s from.

    High (early) sexual activity + young population + official & unofficial polygamy + born again fever + sugar daddy (older men) / sex for survival + no condoms + poorly educated / poor school systems + public morality, showcase Christianity & private debauchery = Uganda today

    Also, the early figures of Uganda’s AIDS success are questionable…

    Like

  3. Pingback: Catastrophic Victory: Museveni’s Re-Election and Uganda’s Future | THE RIVER BETWEEN

  4. Pingback: A Tentative (Mixed) Public Health Victory: The Slow Retrenchment of HIV-AIDS « An Africanist Perspective

  5. I’m a renowned professional herbalist that deals in the production of various herbal medicines, which can cure various deadly sexually transmitted diseases (STD’s), in the likes of gonorrhea chlamydia, genital, genital herpes, syphilis, HPV, HIV/AIDS, trichomoniasis and so on, and other diseases such as cancer, fibroid fever, acute hepatitis, hepatitis A, B, and C, menstrual problems, asthma, pile, appendices, kidney problem, heart failure low sperm count, arthritis, and the likes of many other diseases. being a professional and a graduate of botany sciences from the university of Ibadan, and also in the application of traditional procedures in the treatment of patients, I’ve been able to use natural roots and herbs to restore health and put smile on the faces of my patients.
    My advice to the entire populace is not to remain stagnant and unconcerned with a particular health issues they are facing, now, i”m making an awareness to everyone that there is hope and cure for that health problem you are facing….
    You can contact me through my email (dr.oguleye@gmail.com)

    Like

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